# Creating and manipulating graphs¶

## Creating a new graph¶

To create a new Tulip graph from Python, the `tlp.newGraph()`

function has to be used.
It returns an empty graph which is an instance of the `tlp.Graph`

class.

```
graph = tlp.newGraph()
```

## Importing / exporting a graph using the TLP file format¶

TLP is the Tulip format to save a graph and its associated data to a file. The extension of the file can be .tlp or .tlp.gz (compressed version).

### Loading a graph from a TLP file¶

To load a graph saved in TLP into a Python object, the `tlp.loadGraph()`

function has to be used. It loads
the graph described in the file and its associated data and returns an instance of the `tlp.Graph`

.
For instance, the sample code below imports the graph saved to the file /home/foo/savedgraph.tlp:

```
graph = tlp.loadGraph("/home/foo/savedgraph.tlp")
```

### Saving a graph to a TLP file¶

To save an instance of a `tlp.Graph`

class to a TLP file, the `tlp.saveGraph()`

function has to be used. It saves
the graph and its associated data into a file.
For instance, the sample code below exports a graph to the file /home/foo/mygraph.tlp:

```
tlp.saveGraph(graph, "/home/foo/mygraph.tlp")
```

## Adding / Removing elements in the graph¶

The graph structure can be freely modified through dedicated methods of the `tlp.Graph`

class (see Modification of the graph structure) . Below is a list of some of these methods :

Adding elements to the graph :

`tlp.Graph.addNode()`

,`tlp.Graph.addEdge()`

Removing elements from the graph :

`tlp.Graph.delNode()`

,`tlp.Graph.delEdge()`

,`tlp.Graph.clear()`

## Iterating over graph elements¶

The `tlp.Graph`

class provides several iterators on the graph structure (see Iterators on the graph structure).
The sample code below illustrates the syntax to perform an iteration over all the nodes of a graph.:

```
for n in graph.getNodes():
degree = graph.deg(n)
print("the degree of", n, "is", degree)
```